Childhood and Adolescent Cancers

Child and adolescent cancers are not typically associated with environmental risk factors, and very few are caused by inherited genetic conditions. These conditions are not always treated like adult cancers, requiring specialty care focused specifically for children and adolescents. The most common types of pediatric cancers and blood disorders include:

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Anemia
  • Bleeding, Coagulation, and Hemostasis
  • Bone Marrow Failure
  • Brain Tumors
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Ewing Sarcoma
  • Germ Cell Tumors
  • Hemangioma and other Vascular Anomalies
  • Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Immune Deficiency Disorders
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
  • Liver Tumors
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Platelet Disorders
  • Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disease
  • Rare Cancers
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
  • White Blood Cell Disorders
  • Wilms' Tumor

Learn More About These Conditions at ColumbiaDoctors Children's Health